RESOLUTIONS OF THE 9-PARTY COMMUNIST CONFERENCE

(September 47)

 

I

 

  At the end of September, an informational conference took place in Poland with the participation of the following Communist Parties: Communist Party of Yugoslavia - Comrades Edvard Kardelj and Miloan Djilas; Bulgarian Workers' Party (Communist) - Comrades Vulko Chervenkov and V. Poptonov; Communist Party of Romania - Comrades Gheorghiu-Dej and Anna Pauker; Hungarian Communist Party - Comrades M. Farkash and Jozef Revai; Polish Workers' Party - Comrades Gomulka and H. Minc; All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Soviet Union - Comrades A. Zhdanov and Malenkov; Communist Party of France - Comrades Duclos and Fajan; Communist Party of Czechoslovakia - Comrades R. Slansky and S. Bashtovansky; and the Communist Party of Italy - Comrades Longo and Reale.

  Members of the conference heard information reports about the activity of the Central Committees of the Parties represented from Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland, the Soviet Union, France, Czechoslovakia, and Italy.

  A report on the international situation was made by Zhdanov. Members of the conference exchanged viewpoints on the report, fully coordinated their views on the present international situation and the tasks issuing from it and unanimously accepted a declaration on the question of the international situation. A report on the exchange of experience and coordination of activity of Communist Parties was made by Comrade Gomulka.

  On this question, the conference, having in view the negative phenomena produced by the absence of contact between Parties represented at the conference and taking into consideration the necessity for mutual exchange and experience, has decided to create an Information Bureau.

  The Information Bureau will consist of the representatives of the Central Committees of the above-mentioned parties.

  The tasks of the Information Bureau consist in the organization of an exchange of experience between parties and, in the case of necessity, in coordination of their activity on the basis of mutual agreement.

  It has been decided that the Information Bureau will publish a printed organ. The city of Belgrade [Yugoslavia] has been decided as the location for the Information Bureau and the editorial board of its organ.

 

II 

 

 

 The conference states that the absence of connections between Communist Parties who have taken part in this conference is in the present situation a serious shortcoming. Experience has shown that such division between Communist Parties is incorrect and harmful. The requirement for an exchange of experience and voluntary coordination of actions of the separate parties has become particularly necessary now in conditions of the complicated post-war international situation and when the disunity of Communist Parties may lead to damage for the working class.

  Because of this, members of the conference agreed on the following:

  First, to set up an Information Bureau of representatives of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, the Bulgarian Workers' Party, the Communist Party of Romania, the Hungarian Communist Party, the Polish Workers' Party (Communist), the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik), the Communist Party of France, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and the Communist Party of Italy.

  Second, the task given to the Information Bureau is to organize and exchange experience and, in case of necessity, coordinate the activity of Communist Parties on foundations of mutual agreement.

  Third, the Information Bureau will have in it representatives of the Central Committees - two from each Central Committee. Delegations of the Central Committees must be appointed and replaced by the Central Committees.

  Fourth, the Information Bureau is to print an organ - fortnightly and, later on, weekly. The organ is to be published in French and Russian and, if possible, in other languages.

  Fifth, the Information Bureau is to be in Belgrade [Yugoslavia].

 

III

 

  Representatives of the Communist Parties...having exchanged viewpoints on the question of the international situation, have come to an agreement about the following declarations:

  Essential changes have taken place in the international situation as a result of the Second World War and in the postwar period.

  While the war was going on, Allied states in the war against Germany and Japan joined together and formed one camp. Even during wartime, there existed different war aims and also differences of tasks of the postwar organization of peace.

  The Soviet Union and democratic countries considered as the main aims of the war the setting up and strengthening of democratic structures in Europe, the liquidation of fascism and the prevention of the possibility of a new aggression on the part of Germany and the creation of prolonged cooperation among the peoples of Europe on all sides.

  The United States and, in agreement with it, England set for themselves another aim - to get rid of competitors in markets (Germany and Japan) and establish their dominating position. This difference in war aims and task of the postwar organization became deeper in the postwar period.

  The opposite political lines formed:

  On the one side the policy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and democratic countries directed toward undermining imperialism and strengthening democracy; on the other side is the policy of the United States and England directed toward strengthening imperialism and strangling democracy.

  Since the USSR and countries of the new democracy became a hindrance in carrying out imperialistic plans for the struggle for world domination and the smashing of democratic movements, there was proclaimed a campaign against the USSR and countries of the new democracy, reinforced also by threats of a new war on the part of the most zealous imperialist politicians in the United States and England.

  In such a way, two camps formed - the imperialist and anti-democratic camp, which has as a main aim the establishment of world domination of American imperialism and the smashing of democracy, and the anti-imperialist and democratic camp, which has a main aim the undermining of imperialism and the strengthening of democracy and the liquidation of the remnants of fascism.

  The struggle of the two opposite camps - of imperialist and anti-imperialist - is going on in a situation of further sharpening of the general crisis of capitalism, of the weakening of the forces of capitalism and the strengthening of the forces of socialism and democracy. In this, the imperialist camp and its leading force, the United States, is displaying especially aggressive activity.

  This activity is developing simultaneously along all lines - in the direction of military and strategic measures, of economic expansion and ideological struggle.

  The Truman-Marshall plan is only a constituent part, the European section, of the general plan of world expansionist policy carried out by the United States in all parts of the world. The plan of economic and political enslavement of Europe by American imperialism is supplemented by plans for the economic and political enslavement of China, Indonesia and South America.

  The aggressors of yesterday - the capitalist magnates of Germany and Japan - are being prepared by the United States for a new role - to become the instrument of the imperialist policy of the United States in Europe and Asia.

  The arsenal of tactical measures utilized by the imperialist camp has many forms. Here are combined the direct threat by force, blackmail and extortion, all measures of political-economic pressure, or bribery, of utilization of internal contradiction and controversy for the reinforcement of their positions - and all this covered by the liberal-pacifist mask designed for deceit and fooling people who are not experienced in politics.

  A special place in the tactical arsenal of imperialists is occupied by the utilization of the treacherous policy of Right-wing Socialists of the type of Leon Blum (former French Premier and Socialist Party leader) in France, Prime Minister Attlee and Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin in England, Dr. Kurt Schumacher (Social Democrat) in Germany, President Karl Renner (Socialist) and Vice Chancellor Adolf Shaerf (Socialist) in Austria, Giuseppe Saragat (Right-wing Socialist) in Italy, etc., who try to hide the real bandit of imperialist policy under the mask of democracy and Socialist phraseology and who, in reality, in all respects are loyal assistants of imperialists, introducing disintegration into the ranks of the working class and poisoning its consciousness.

  It is not accidental that the foreign policy of English imperialism has found, in the person of Bevin, its most consistent and zealous executor. In these conditions, the anti-imperialist, democratic camp must rally together and work out a coordinated platform of actions to work out its tactics against the main forces of the imperialist camp, against American imperialism, against its English and French allies, against Right-wing Socialists - first of all those in England and France.

  In order to frustrate the plan of imperialist aggression, the efforts of all democratic anti-imperialist forces in Europe are necessary.

  Right-wing Socialists are traitors in this cause. With the exception of those countries of the new democracy where the bloc of Communists and Socialists, with other democratic progressive parties, forms the foundation of resistance of these countries to imperialist plans, Socialists in the majority of the other countries, and first of all French Socialists and English Laborites - French Premier Paul Ramadier, Blum, Attlee and Bevin, by their slavishness and officiousness are facilitating the task of American capital, are encouraging it to extortions and are pushing their countries along the road of vassal dependency on the United States.

  Hence it follows that a special task falls upon Communist Parties. They must take into their hands the banner of defense of national independence and sovereignty of their countries.

  If the Communist Parties strongly stand on their positions, if they do not permit themselves to be frightened or blackmailed, if they stand bravely on guard for the democracy, national sovereignty, freedom and independence of their countries, if they succeed in their struggle against the attempts of economic and political enslavement of their countries and head all forces which are ready to defend the cause of honor of national independence, then no plans for the enslavement of the countries of Europe and Asia can be realized.

  At present this is one of the main tasks of Communist Parties.

  It is necessary to remember that between the desire of imperialists to develop a new war and the possibility of organizing such a war there is a great gap.

  The peoples of the world do not want war. The forces which stand for peace are so considerable and great that if they are firm and solid in the cause and defense of peace, if they will display firmness and solidarity, the plans of the aggressors will suffer complete collapse.

  It must not be forgotten that the noise of imperialist agents over the war danger is designed to frighten weak-nerved and unstable ones and obtain, by means of blackmail, concessions to the aggressor.

  The main danger to the working class at present consists in underestimation of its forces and in overestimation of the forces of the imperialist camp.

  As the Munich policy in the past unbound the hands of Hitlerite aggression, so concessions to the new course of the United States and the imperialist camp may make its inspirers still more insolent and aggressive.

  This is why the Communist Parties must head the resistance to plans of imperialist expansion and aggression along all lines - state, political, economic and ideological; they must rally together, uniting their efforts on the basis of a common anti-imperialist and democratic platform and must gather around themselves a; democratic forces of the people.